Research

Recent Research

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‘Victor J. Papanek: Émigré Culture Networks and the Founding of Social Design’

2013–2017
Austrian Science Fund Research Award (FWF)
Principal Investigator Alison J. Clarke

This internationally networked project considers the legacy of émigré intellectual networks as a identifiable element in the creation of the 1970s socially responsible and humanist design movements. Challenging a hagiographic approach to design history, the project re-frames the work of leading design theorist Victor J. Papanek in the context of a specifically émigré discourse around consumption, identity and material culture.

Building on recent theoretical approaches to émigré consumption and identity politics, the project traces the trajectories of émigré networks from their intellectual origins in early twentieth century progressive Vienna, to the founding of the late twentieth century social design movement. The research is being conducted by a team in the department of Design History and Theory, led by Alison J. Clarke. Project related activities have so far included the Papanek Symposium 2015: Émigré Design Culture: Histories of the Social in Design and a forthcoming volume Émigré Cultures in Design and Architecture edited by Alison J. Clarke and Elana Shapira, will be published with Bloomsbury Press 2017. In June 2016, the project symposium Undesign, led by Björn Franke, explores new and emerging critical positions in design practice beyond the object form.

‘Doing Kinship with Pictures and Objects: A Laboratory of Private and Public Practices of Art’

2009–2012
Arts and Science Collaborative Project (WWTF)
Principal Partner Alison J. Clarke
research.science.co.at

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Using ethnographic and artistic methods, this project undertaken in conjunction with the Austrian Museum of Folk Life and Folk Art in Vienna empirically explored practices of doing kinship with pictures and objects. New research methodologies were developed around changed modes of representation and participatory communication. 

‘Centre of Critical Design Research: The Victor Papanek Archive and Library’

2008–2013
Infrastructure Programme (BMWF)
Principal Investigator Alison J. Clarke
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This project centred on the acquisition and foundation of the Victor J. Papanek Foundation, archive and library that features materials from the collection of socially responsible design advocate and Austrian-American émigré.

‘Centre for the Study of the Domestic Interior’

2003–2006
RCA, London (AHRC)
Principal Investigator Alison J. Clarke
Centre for the Study of the Domestic Interior

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This multi-disciplinary research project between the RCA, the V&A and Royal Holloway University London aimed to produce innovative histories of domestic interiors and social spaces by combining traditional architectural and design histories with more recent academic interests sensitive to cultural and visual context, consumption studies as well as gender- and subject-oriented approaches.

Image above: ‘1937 Kitchen – Not Bad!’, originally printed in Popular Mechanics (December 1937). Source, CC by 2.0.

Doctoral Research Students

Supervisor Alison J. Clarke

Vicky Gerrard, M.Eng. Biomedical Engineering
Design Researcher at Cobanana

Social Design in Asia 1940-2040

Social design is motivated by a recognition that designers have a responsibility to recognise and enhance the social impact of their work. The ideas of social design which emerged in post-war Europe coincided with a period of post-independence nation building in Asia. Over the last 80 years, government, industry and civil society have shaped design as a social endeavour. This project seeks to unravel these influences by tracing social design across contexts, through time and from the experiences of the public. Ultimately, the project hopes to enhance social design practice in the region.

Philip Reitspegrer, Mag. Art, MA
Designer and Managing Director at Identity Lab

Designing for and with Migration

Design for and with migration has been given increasingly more attention in Austria and Germany in recent years. This is due to design’s wider dissemination as an approach to solve complex societal issues in Western societies. While people from non-specific design disciplines thereby use design tools and methods with varying expertise, also designers themselves are conquering new territories. Philip Reitsperger’s doctoral thesis examines how design solutions and processes for and with migration and resulting relations between people, objects and environments are constituted within Austria and Germany since 2015.

Yunus Tuncel, MSc. Industrial Design
Middle East Technical University, Turkey

Design For Transition

Anthropology in design first manifested itself in early 1970s during the time of Cold War humanitarian development policies based on hegemonic agenda that vastly neglected the ‘social’ in design at the periphery (Clarke 2016). Design, stimulated by 1970s’ anthropological discourse, has recently gained social responsibility for emerging global challenges such as climate change, pollution, poverty, depletion of resources. This dissertation pinpoints the shortcomings of quasi-anthropological attempts in design in the given neoliberal economy, critically exploring prospective collaborations and innovations that can transition societies through design.

Ufaq Inaam, M.Phil, MFA (Graphic Design) Gold Medalist
Doctoral Scholarship – Higher Education Commission Pakistan
Lecturer (on leave), Design Department, College of Art & Design, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Informal Economies of Design: Material and Visual Culture of Traditional Medicine in Popular Urban Spaces of Lahore, Pakistan.

From the collage of ephemeral therapeutic posters to the electric visuals of traditional medicine, of Pakistan’s Lahore metropolis are filled with the exuberance of transient and informal graphic design.

This doctoral research project explores how a particular ubiquitous graphic-identity is formed through the consumption of modern and traditional simultaneously and how religion is materialized in the commercial construction of objects. Founded on visual ethnography, which is instituted on biographies of advertising graphics in popular urban spaces and aesthetics of domestic spaces, this study reports the relativity of consuming the desired ‘modern-ness’ and how a specific class acts as an agency of consumption of a traditional kind of modernity. The research aims on the exploration of unacknowledged economy of Pakistani design, where creative culture is thriving and holds exceptional individuality.

Robert Gassner, Arch BA (Hons.) MAA
Doctoral Scholarship, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts

Inhabitation as a Conduit in Buildings’ Histories

Future inhabitants are often absent from the processes of designing and planning dwellings. Also, when initial scenarios of inhabitation draw upon client-architect discussions, their validity is put to the test over time. Generally, most buildings survive the protagonists of initial phases of design and construction and go on to encompass many generations and situations of occupancy. This thesis explores these asymmetrical relations in a study of notions and processes of inhabitation as used within architectural practice and as performed when dwelling.

Heng Zhi, Mag.Des.Ind.
University of Applied Arts Vienna
Design Curator, Vitra Design Museum

Redefining Design – Reflective Design Activities in Contemporary China

China’s creative energy seems driven by the inseparable forces of affluence and the desire for recognition; ever more accelerated mass production, high-speed construction of spectacular architecture on a huge scale and the speculation of artists in auctions and galleries. Diving underneath the widespread understanding of this creative process, this research explores the reflective design activities developing in the contemporary Chinese metropolis as an exploration of the process of (anti-)homogenization in a significant emerging culture.

Completed Doctorates

Kathrina Dankl, Dr. phil. DI (FH)
Managing Director, Studio Dankl and Ass. Prof. Design School Kolding, Denmark

Very Experienced People: An Ethnography of Design, the Elderly and Style

External Examiner: Prof. Jeremy Myerson, Director Helen Hamlyn Centre RCA, UK

Elisabeth Petermann, Dr. phil.

Unravelling the Culture of Trend Forecasting: An ethnographic study of the legitimising, representing, mediating, and value-generating practices of the European trend industry

External Examiner: Prof. Joanne Entwistle, King’s College London, UK

Martina Grünewald, Dr. phil. BBA, MA
Promotio sub auspiciis, Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Applied Arts Vienna

Doing Design, Practising Thrift – Material Culture and the Social Construction of Value at Auctions in Vienna

External Examiner: Prof. Harvey Molotch, New York University, USA

Özlem Savas, MSc, PhD
Ass. Prof. Design and Communication, Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey

Taste Diaspora: The Aesthetic and Material Practice of Belonging

External Examiner: Prof. John Storey, University of Sunderland, UKDI

Sandra Dittenberger, Mag. Dr. phil.
Univ.-Prof. New Design University, St. Pölten

Lived Mobility – The Experience of Personal Mobility

External Examiner: Prof. Ina Wagner, Technical University Vienna

Anna Weiß, Mag. Dr. phil.
Univ.-Ass. Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna

Hyper-Domesticity: Gender and the Contemporary Interior

External Examiner: Edelbert Köb, Former Director MUMOK